THE MOST PEACEFUL COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD
The Global Peace Index (GPI) measures the relative position of the peacefulness of nations and regions, according to the Wikipedia. The GPI rates 163 sovereign states and territories by peace-keeping standard.This ranking will be done based on the pece index of a country.For your understanding , the country with the lowest number when it comes to peace index is considered to be the most peaceful.The GPI investigates to what extent countries are involved in ongoing domestic and international conflicts when assessing peacefulness. It also aims to measure the degree of cooperation or conflict within a nation; ten metrics narrowly evaluate what could be defined as stability and security within society. The argument is that low crime rates, limited occurrence of terrorist acts and violent demonstrations, harmonious ties with neighboring countries, a stable political environment and a small proportion of the internally displaced or refugee community can be indicative of stability.
01. Iceland >> GPI - (1.072)
Nighttime Icelanders should sleep well: they live in the world's most peaceful country. With respect to peaceful Iceland, no news is good news: it is the tenth year in a row that holds the number one spot. With no standing army, navy or air force and the smallest population of any NATO member state (about 350,000 people), Iceland also enjoys record-low crime rates, an enviable education, and welfare system, and ranks among the best nations in terms of employment and earnings and subjective sense of well-being.
Iceland has achieved the impossible: with 97 per cent of the population identifying themselves as middle-class and working-class, friction between economic classes is often defined as "non-existent." Is it really any surprise that Iceland is also one of the happiest countries in the world?
02. New Zealand >> GPI - (1.221)
Holding on to the second position in index since 2017, over the past 10 years New Zealand has never slipped below fourth place in the Global Peace Index. Scoring almost perfect marks in the domains of domestic and international conflict, militarization and societal safety, is widely considered a wonderful country to live in.
New Zealand ranks at the top in health status and above the average among OECD members in terms of education, jobs and earnings, at around the same size as the United Kingdom but with a population of just 4.7 million people. Nonetheless, all this comes at a cost: the lack of affordable housing is making it increasingly impossible for low-income people to buy houses, with the gap between rich and poor being deemed the top economic issue facing New Zealand by 20 per cent of its population.
03. Portugal >> GPI - (1.274)
Portugal marches to the beat of its own drum when it comes to peace and safety. While over the past few years a majority European countries have deteriorated or have shown very minor improvements, this nation of about 10 million people has emerged as one of the biggest climbers, moving from the 18th position in 2014-2015 to the fifth in 2016.
Gaining one spot from 2018 this year, it jumps back onto the list at the number three location, a place it occupied in 2017 as well. Ranking above the average of industrialized nations in terms of housing, work-life balance, personal safety nice environmental and quality living standards.Better still, there's no need to break the bank to experience the Portuguese way of life: the country remains one of the continent's most attractive destinations.
04. Austria >> GPI - (1.291)
In comparison to last year Austria slips one spot in the Global Peace Index. Since the end of the Cold War, this small landlocked country of only 8.7 million has moved closer to the center of a larger Europe from its peripheral position at the east-west borderline.
As a young EU member and outside NATO, Austria has taken pride in trying to get along with rival political blocs and embrace new forms of cooperation with its neighbours. While Austria does perform well in many welfare measures such as income, jobs and housing, the inclusion of the far-right Freedom Party in the coalition government and the crackdown on migrants has recently sparked rallies on the streets.
05. Denmark >> GPI - (1.316)
Denmark held the number two spot in a row from 2011 to 2016 for five years, thereafter dropping to number five in 2017, where it has remained ever since. It is a safe country to fly and stay in, marked by low crime rates, high political prosperity, freedom of the press and respect for human rights. It also boasts a high level of income equality and is often ranked as one of the world's happiest nations. The recent drop in the ranking for peace is due to a deterioration in some of its indicators of militarisation.
To counter the threat of Russia's growing military activity in eastern and northern Europe in 2017.It has reached a landmark cross-party political deal to increase its defense budget by 20 percent, on course to match the expenditure levels of its northern neighbors Sweden and Norway.
06. Canada >> GPI - (1.327 )
Canada is the sixth safest out of 163 nations, a title it also held last year, gaining good marks in terms of factors related to internal conflicts, crime levels and political stability. The second-largest country in the world by landmass, though relatively small in terms of population with only 37 million residents, punctures economically above its weight.
It is also one of the wealthiest, as a top-trading nation. Apply excellent job prospects, good health care and effective governance to the equation and you'll have to stay in one of the best countries.The International Monetary Fund (IMF), however, has issued warnings about Canada's economy, saying that the country faces significant risks as a result of trade tensions with the US.
07. Singapore >> GPI - (1.347 )
While the report of the Global Peace Index shows an ever more violent world, Singapore has become more peaceful. Far more peaceful: it moved from 21st place in 2018 to 13 positions and added one more spot this year. Who caused this stunning jump? The Institute for Economics and Peace points out that the largest changes in the rating are generally widely distributed, while there are typically a few factors contributing to significant deteriorations of peace.
So while Singapore scored highly in social security and security aspects and low levels of domestic and international conflict, keeping it back from the very top ranking spots is the level of militarization, with red marks when it comes to armed services personnel, police forces and arms import spending. The rationale? For its prosperity, Singapore relies on seaborne trade, so having the resources to ensure the smooth passage of vessels through the Malacca Strait, the narrow stretch of water that serves as a gateway between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, is crucial.
08. Slovenia >> GPI - (1.355 )
Slovenia has advanced three positions since 2018, the only new addition in this year's top 10 ranking, and it is the top-performing country in emerging Europe. Hungary (21), Slovakia (23), Romania (25), Bulgaria (26), Croatia (28), and Poland (29) all rank high among the Institute for Economics and Peace's 163 countries surveyed. Overall, 22 of Europe's 36 countries improved, with the continent numbering 17 of the 25 most peaceful nations and only Turkey ranked among the least peaceful in the world at 152.
According to a myth, as God allocated the land to all countries, he ignored the Slovenians because there were so few of them (still barely 2 million). He gave them a small piece of paradise that he had saved for himself to apologise. Slovenia's territory, half of which is covered by forests, boasts one of the continent's greatest levels of biodiversity: you can either swim in the Adriatic Sea or climb the Julian Alps with just one hour drive from the capital Ljubljana.
09. Japan >> GPI - (1.369)
Maintaining the ninth position in the Global Peace Ranking, Japan is three times denser than Europe and twelve times more densely populated than the USA. Yet it still manages to rank highly for peace as well as quality of life. Theft and other felonies, the National Police Agency notes, are also so past: the number of recorded crimes has continued to decline to historically low levels over the past few years— a trend also reflected in the low incarceration rate that followed a downward trajectory in Japan from the 1950s onward.
However, when it comes to relations with neighboring countries, the Japanese frequently mention shaky relations with China and especially North Korea as concerns. Japan's "peace constitution"— imposed after the Second World War to ban the resurrection of aggressive militarism — was reinterpreted in 2014 to enable" collective self-defense, "thus prompting the country's strategic capabilities to be restructured and developed.
10. Switzerland >> GPI - (1.375)
Switzerland, federated central European country is the new entry in the top ten league. The administrative capital of Switzerland is Bern, while Lausanne acts as its judicial center. The small size of Switzerland – its total area is approximately half that of Scotland – and its modest population gives little indication of its international importance.
A landlocked country of soaring mountains, deep Alpine lakes, grassy valleys filled with tidy fields and small villages, and vibrant towns that combine the old and the new, Switzerland is the center of Western Europe's varied physical and cultural landscape, known both for its natural beauty and way of life. Aspects of both have become bywords for the country, whose very name conjures images of the glacier-carved Alps beloved by writers, artists, photographers and enthusiasts of outdoor sports from all over the world.