THE BERMUDA TRIANGLE.
The Bermuda Triangle is a fictional area of the Atlantic Ocean that is approximately surrounded by Florida, Bermuda and Puerto Rico, where dozens of ships and aircraft have gone missing. Some of these incidents was accompanied by mysterious situations, including one in which the pilots of a US squadron. When flying over the field, the navy bombers were disoriented; the planes were never identified. Many boats and planes in good weather have seemingly disappeared from the city without even radioing signals of alarm. But although numerous fanciful hypotheses surrounding the Bermuda Triangle have been suggested, none of them indicate that unexplained disappearances occur more often there than in other well-traveled ocean areas. People actually manage the region without accident every day.
>> Legend of the Bermuda Triangle .
The area known as the Bermuda Triangle, or Devil's Triangle, occupies about 500,000 square miles of ocean near Florida's south-eastern coast. As Christopher Columbus passed through the region on his first journey to the New World, he claimed that one night a great fire (probably a meteor) exploded into the sea and a strange light shone a few weeks later in the sky. He also spoke of irregular compass readings, perhaps because a sliver of the Bermuda Triangle at that period was one of the few places on Earth where true north and magnetic north lined up
The play "The Tempest" by William Shakespeare, which some scholars say was based on a real-life Bermuda shipwreck, may have strengthened the mystery atmosphere of the region. Nevertheless, accounts of unexplained disappearances did not really capture the attention of the general public until the 20th century. A especially notorious tragedy occurred in March 1918 when the USS Cyclops sunk somewhere between Barbados and the Chesapeake Bay, a 542-foot-long Navy cargo ship with more than 300 people and 10,000 tons of manganese ore aboard. While being prepared for this, the Cyclops never sent out an SOS distress call, and an extensive search yielded no debris.
The play "The Tempest" by William Shakespeare, which some historians say was based on a real-life Bermuda shipwreck, may have strengthened the mysterious atmosphere of the region. Nevertheless, accounts of unexplained disappearances did not really capture the attention of the general public until the 20th century. An especially notorious tragedy occurred in March 1918 when the USS Cyclops sunk somewhere between Barbados and the Chesapeake Bay, a 542-foot-long Navy cargo ship with over 300 people and 10,000 tons of manganese ore on board. Despite being prepared for this, the Cyclops never sent out an SOS distress call, and an extensive search yielded no debris."The big ship's just God and the shore know what happened," U.S. President Woodrow Wilson said later. In 1941 two sister ships of the Cyclops also vanished without trace in almost the same path. A trend reportedly began to form in which boats entering the Bermuda Triangle would either vanish or be found abandoned. Then, in December 1945, five Navy bombers holding 14 people took off from an airfield in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, to perform testing bombing runs over a few local shoals. But the team chief, identified as Flight 19, got severely lost with his compasses evidently malfunctioning.The five aircraft were traveling aimlessly until they were running low on fuel and were forced to ditch at shore. A search aircraft and their 13-man team have vanished that same day. The final Navy report announced that it was "as if they had went to Mars," after a huge weeks-long search failed to produce any facts.
Did you Know !
"Joshua Slocum died on a 1909 trip from Martha's Vineyard to South America, after achieving worldwide recognition as the first male to sail solo around the globe. While it's unclear precisely what happened, some sources have connected the Bermuda Triangle to his passing."
>> Bermuda Triangle Theories and Counter-Theories .
By the time author Vincent Gaddis coined the phrase "Bermuda Triangle" in a 1964 magazine article, there had been several unexplained incidents in the region, including three passenger planes that plunged despite the fact that they had just received "all's well" notes. Charles Berlitz, whose grandfather created the language schools in Berlitz, further fuelled the story in 1974 with a groundbreaking bestseller on the myth. Since then, dozens of fellow ghost authors have blamed everything from ufos, Atlantis and sea monsters to time warps and reverse gravity forces for the supposed lethality of the triangle, whereas more scientifically minded researchers have referred to magnetic anomalies; waterspouts or huge eruptions of methane gas from the ocean floor.
Nevertheless, in all cases there is no particular hypothesis that will solve the mystery. Trying to find a common cause for every Bermuda Triangle collapse, as one skeptic put it, is no more rational than trying to find a common cause for every Arizona automobile accident. However, although there may be navigational hazards there from hurricanes, reefs and the Gulf Stream, London's marine insurance pioneer Lloyd's does not consider the Bermuda Triangle as a particularly dangerous location. Nor does the U.S. Coast Guard, which says: "In a study over the years of many aircraft and vessel accidents in the area; there has been nothing discovered that would indicate that casualties were the result of anything other than physical causes. No extraordinary factors have ever been identified.”
>> Bermuda Triangle theory busted: 1925 ship Cotopaxi found near Florida
The SS Cotopaxi went missing in 1925, while traveling from Charleston, South Carolina, to Havana.
Identifying an almost 100-year-old shipwreck has dismissed a common conspiracy theory: that the Bermuda Triangle was somehow interested in the 1925 SS Cotopaxi's disappearance. The steam-powered bulk carrier never made it to their Havana destination.Though, the true cherry on top of the finding is that the SS Cotopaxi shipwreck isn't even in the Bermuda Triangle, which extends from Newfoundland to Puerto Rico to Florida. "That's the thing about this Bermuda Triangle — if you look at it on a map, most of its tales aren't even in the borders," Michael Barnette, a marine biologist and diver who identified the wreck, told Live Science. "It's total rubbish."
There wasn't even the Bermuda Triangle theory when the Cotopaxi dropped out. In a magazine article, it was not until the 1960s that the word originated, and in 1974, the bestselling book "The Bermuda Triangle" (Doubleday) came out, suggesting, among other items, that the triangle was formed when the "closed" city of Atlantis was demolished. As with Bigfoot and the Loch Ness monster, the Bermuda Triangle has since become popular legend. In 1977, producer Steven Spielberg's film "Close Encounters of a Different Kind" linked the SS Cotopaxi's disappearance to the Bermuda Triangle and extraterrestrial operation.
Detective work by Barnette has put the kibosh to that theory. When Barnette migrated from the Mid-Atlantic to Florida nearly twenty years ago, he was searching for shipwrecks that he could discover while diving. One ruin, identified to locals as the "Wolf Ruin," situated about 35 nautical miles (65 kilometers) off St. Augustine's eastern coast in northern Florida, caught his attention. The Bear Wreck was massive unlike most shipwrecks in that region. Barnette became fascinated and did some research; he took shipwreck samples, looked at old newspaper articles and insurance documents, and studied objects discovered at the wreck.
His inquiry found that "the Cotopaxi was indeed the only alternative," Barnette said. "It's the one that just yelled out." In 2015, a rumor started spreading that the SS Cotopaxi was in reality a ghost ship discovered by the Cuban coast guard. Barnette wanted to set the record straight, and he released an online video claiming the actual Cotopaxi was in the Pacific. Soon after he posted that, he was approached by Science Channel, and the two partnered to make a show about his discovery.
The SS Cotopaxi departed Charleston, South Carolina, with a coal shipment on Nov. 29, 1925, but the vessel didn't make it far enough. The ship was washed out by a hurricane, and none of the 32 people on board were ever seen or heard again. Barnette and British historian Guy Walters ' research shows why. The families of the crewmembers sued the company that owned the ship after the Cotopaxi was gone missing. The families also discovered a carpenter on the ship, who claimed that the ship had damaged hatch covers used to cover the fuel. The damaged covers indicated that the ship could flood and sink if water sloshed on board the ship and ran down to the cargo hold.
"From evidence, we learn the hatch cover was in a very sad state of repair," Barnette said. "They were in the middle of restoring all these cargo containers, but they were ordered to sail to Cuba before they finished all that." Research also showed that on Dec. 1, 1925, the Cotopaxi had sent wireless distress signals. According to a release by Science Channel, these were picked up in Jacksonville, Florida, which isn't too far from where the wreck is now.
In fact, another diver had found brass valves with the letters SV on them from the accident. Barnette inferred that this was possibly for Scott Valve Manufacturing Co., whose headquarters in Michigan are not too far from where the Cotopaxi was made. "It made sense for a small shipbuilder to be using local hardware vendors and such items," Barnette said. "That is more supporting evidence that the Bear Wreck is the Cotopaxi."
FACTS ABOUT THE BERMUDA TRIANGLE.
Located in the open sea, Bermuda is an unprotected reef, as a consequence of which waves across all directions collide off the coast to create a lethal ocean phenomenon called the rogue wave. These rogue waves are considered to be steep and high, doing much landscape destruction. Scientists have proposed that some of the unexplained disappearances in the Bermuda triangle are responsible for the intensity of these lethal rogue waves.
The idea of mysterious powers came into being in 1492 when, when swimming in these seas, seafarer Christopher Columbus saw something unusual. Columbus said a fire burst smashed into the water, and a strange light appeared. He always claimed that he played up his compass. His crew, too, was absolutely terrified by these mysterious seas, and was persuaded that in this part of the world unkind powers are at work. This region has since been considered by mariners to be disloyal.
The island of Bermuda experiences strong thunderstorms that build up inland and create big black clouds during summertime. The thunderstorm reaches the ships with an incredibly fast pace and overturns it. The size of these thunderstorms is known to have the ability to absorb everything that lies in its path, and is one of the explanations why inexperienced people are still lacking here.
Bermuda has a distinct cloud formation which in summers triggers regular thunderstorms, and the islanders have given it a name, the Morgan Cloud. It is named after the sea captain, Morgan, who took part in the royal family's gunpowder robbery and fled back to America where it was used in the American Revolution War's first major battle. Others claim Morgan may have felt guilty, and the thunder is rumbling over him and saying sorry for what he'd done.
.In the Bermuda Triangle, there have been many reports of unusual occurrences in the atmosphere, but perhaps nothing foreign to the ghost ship. The ghost ships come from nowhere, and are not even visible as man-made artifacts at times. While these ghost ships the seem to float on or just above the surface, they are actually down to the sea, and how light travels through the waters. It is in fact a mirage. The speed of light ranges according to the form in which it flies. This travels through cold air and warm air at different speeds, and twists while moving from one to the other. This is the science that describes above-floating ghost ships But if sailors witness this ghostly ship, it is believed to be a sign of the impending doom.
Although its notoriety may scare some people, the Bermuda Triangle is in fact part of a frequently traveled shipping lane with cruise ships and other boats also often passing through the region.n the Bermuda Triangle, flights are also popular with both private and commercial aircraft regularly passing across airspace.