Commercial pig farming in Kenya is one of the top lucrative businesses to venture since the demand for pork in Nairobi has been skyrocketed in recent years. The demand for pig products like sausages and smokies are booming business in almost all urban areas in Kenya. If you are planning to start pig farming business, then you have come to the right place. There are no fluffs here. Take your time to read through the article.
The demand for pork in towns like Nairobi, Nakuru, Eldoret, Thika, Kiambu, Kakamega, and Kisumu is quite high. Pig farming business in Kenya is a goldmine, and if you are planning to start, then this is the right time for you. There are few pig industries across the country, and you will notice that the pig products are quite expensive. If you happen to venture into this lucrative business, then you are likely to earn huge profits in the long run. The coastal region of Kenya is not a suitable place to start pig farming business due to region barrier. The chances are that if you start a pig butchery, then you are likely to earn low profits.
"Pig Farming in Kenya is very profitable : it has a high marginal return."
Are you planning to start a commercial pig farming in Kenya? Well, it is good to note that this is not going to be a walk in the park. You will need to consider many factors before starting to earn huge profits. You should also note that pig farming is a dirty job, but the fruits are sweet. Here is a simple guide for pig farming in Kenya pdf and I hope it will help you pick off easily without any problem.
Locate a Suitable Farm
You will need to select a suitable land for rearing pigs before purchasing them. The area located should be accessible to good transport, clean water and close to the market. Determine the size of land that you own since it will help you know the number of pigs to start raising. Ensure the pig farm is away from residential areas but close to the market centers.
Select Suitable Breeds
There are plenty of pig breeds, but they tend to have different production scale. It is advisable to pick a pig breed that is highly productive to earn maximum profits. Some of the most profitable pigs in Kenya are Large White, Landrace, Yorkshires, Duroc, and Hampshire pigs. You are required to conduct a thorough research about the pig before purchasing.
A pair of bright eyes.
Alert and responsive to its surrounding environment.
Good appeal to food.
Easy and normal movement.
Free from lameness or any other unnatural signs.
Avoid purchasing aggressive pig.
Feeding the Pigs
Do you know how to feed pigs? Well, this is the first thing to put into consideration. Learn about the pig feeds since they play a vital role in their growth and development. The good thing with pigs is that they have high feeds conversion, which is directly related to weight gain. Research from Agricultural Institutes of Kenya shows that they come second after broiler chicken as far as weight gain is a concern. Quality pig feeds ensure good production hence maximum profits. Pigs are omnivorous; therefore, they can feed on meat, grains, and plants. They eat almost everything. Furthermore, it is advisable to include proteins and vitamins in their diet as well as other supplements that help to boost their immune system. Piglets are supposed to feed on foods that have higher proteins than adult pigs.
Housing Pigs for Sale Kenya
Pigs are powerful animals. You need to build a permanent house for them. The sty should be well ventilated to enhance the proper circulation of fresh air and also shade during high temperatures like December, January, and February. You should also note that young piglets are profoundly affected by cold temperatures while adult pigs by high temperatures. This is the reason why pig farming in Northern Kenya does not thrive. It is advisable to separate piglets from their mothers so that they can grow and mature faster. Ensure the sty is ever clean and dry to facilitate maximum health care.
Fertility of Pigs
Breeding pigs is quite easy since they are ever fertile, and they tend to have a shorter gestation period when compared to cows. A sow reaches maturity after 8-9 months, and she has the capability of giving birth. In a year, a sow is capable of giving birth twice to about 10-12 piglets. If you’re planning to start commercial pig farming, then it is advisable to start at a low budget.
Marketing of the Pigs
Kenya has a massive demand for pig products as compared to other countries in East Africa. Some of the ordinary pig products are Pork, Bacon, and Sausages, among others. If you’re venturing in pig farming while in Kenya, then don’t worry about the market. You can sell your pigs to the nearest local market or direct to the Farmers’ Choice Industry nearby.
Types of Pig Farming System in Kenya
Free-Range Pigs Farming
The system involves keeping pigs on a large farm where the primary feeds are the grass and Lucerne. Pigs raised on free-range tend to have tasty pork that has natural flavor. You can supply the pigs with other supplements to ensure they get the required nutrients for faster growth and development. The system is cost-efficient for those breeders with a low budget.
Semi-Intensive Pig Keeping
The farming system is suitable for those medium breeders. Here the pigs are enclosed in a semi-permanent structure, and they are provided continuously with feeds. The farmer can get feeds from the farm and also from the market. They are also required to provide them with other supplements for faster growth and weight gain. The rearing system is time-consuming, but the breeder has a direct connection with the market. The breeding system has huge returns when compared to other rearing systems.
Intensive Pig Rearing
The system involves raising pigs in a close area in the form of a housing system. The method is suitable for those breeders with direct market connections or is interested in meat production. The main aim of this system is to raise pigs for slaughter to cut off the cost of feeding. The pigs grow faster due to an adequate supply of food and other supplements. However, the system requires a high amount of investments since the cost of supplement tend to be high. It is not a suitable pig rearing system for farmers with a low budget.
Types of Pig Breeds for Meat Production in Kenya
Large White Pig
The pig has erected ears and slightly dished mouth. The pig has a white coloration and large. The body of the pig is long, with excellent ham and beautiful hair. It has good mothering abilities and the primary source of pork meat and bacon in Kenya. If you are practicing intensive pig farming, then this is a suitable breed for crossbreeding. It can adjust to climate changes and other environmental factors.
The golden brown color and hard skin coat make the breed more distinctive from other pig breeds. They have small ears that are slightly drooping. They are among the least aggressive pig breeds. The pig has high maternal instincts and has been traditionally used as terminal sires. They are also known for a faster growth rate and a long body with broad shoulders. The pig breed is suitable for the production of both light pork and massive pork meat for commercial purposes. You need little capital to start the investment in your farm.
Landrace Pig Breed
The pig-size ranges from medium to large, and they have physical features that are unique from other breeds of pigs across the world. They tend to have white coloration with more beautiful hair, long snout, and massive drooping ears. The swine have large bodies that lack excess fats and wrinkles but deep smooth sides. The breed is not accessible due to its maternal instincts and high fertility. However, they have a reputation for producing quite a good number of piglets, and they are suitable for pork production and bacon.
Hampshire Pig Breed
These are typically the oldest pig breed in the United States. The pig has erected ears and black body color. They are medium size with a broad white band around the middle and also the front legs. They have an excellent build body with strong legs making it accessible for pork meat production. The swine has faster growth but tends to have a slow maturity rate when compared to other swine breeds.
Combrough Pig Breed
The swine breed is infamous for lean meat and conformation. It is an alternative source of crossbreeding in case you are practicing an intensive pig rearing system. You will be required to one boar for two to three sows from other breeds. They have the reputation of improving the genetic qualities of other breeds in terms of weight gain and growth rate. They are docile in temperament and exceptional maternal instincts.
Challenges Facing Pig Farming in Kenya
There are a lot of things that are dragging the pig farming industry in Kenya. This is the reason why the modern pig industry is not able to meet the rising demand for pig products.Here are some of the common pig farming problems in Kenya:
The high cost of pig feeds
Lack of training institutes
Poor transport system
Corruption and nepotism in farmer’s choice
If you happen to be a novice farmer, then it is advisable to start small instead of starting big. Pig farming in Kenya is a lucrative venture, and it usually requires a small piece of land to get started. Locate where to purchase the pig feeds and supplements before venturing into the business. You will be required to do thorough research about the market but thank God, Kenya has a formidable large market size in East Africa.
PIG FARMING KENYA CASE STUDY
When Michael Koome Mburugu bought a piece of land in Maili Nane, Buuri Constituency of Meru County, the lawyer and accountant did not imagine the predominant semi-arid landscape would be as fruitful as it is now. The land, which the lawyer had been buying in bits, was 22 acres in 2013. He wanted to run an enterprise that would benefit him and the neighbourhood. With his wife Jennifer Kago-Koome, who runs the Amboseli Institute of Hospitality and Technology in Thika, Mburugu planted onions, which was the craze then. It was initially a shrub land and he figured that as a virgin plot, it would be very productive. And productive it was but the onion option was a huge blunder. There was a glut in the market for the two seasons the couple grew onions.
“A kilo of onions sold for as low as Sh100. That made no economic sense,” Mburugu says, adding that he donated five acres of harvest to orphanages. The couple then settled on keeping pigs after figuring out that the demand for animal protein would soar. Goats and cattle were not viable options since grazing fields in the area, which is about five kilometres from Isiolo town, were diminishing. There is also an ever ready market for pork and bacon. In 2014, the two bought 30 gilts and began keeping them on the five acres. Later, Mburugu and his wife added 20 more. With time, the breeding stock grew to 220 pigs. On the five acres today are nine building blocks, each holding 26 or more pens. Every pen has at least a dozen animals. Daiichi Farm Ltd has more than 2,700 Duroc, Landrace and Large White pig breeds. According to the couple, observing best animal management practices, investing in good feeds and hygiene as well as trained and educated personnel have contributed to the success of the enterprise.
Daiichi farm manager Daniel Simiyu, for instance, is a livestock management studies graduate from the University of Nairobi. Three other workers have similar qualifications. The farm has 32 permanent employees and additional ones hired on a need basis. All the permanent workers, Jennifer says, live on the farm. When Mburugu and his wife ventured into the business, they faced challenges, especially with regards to feeds. “We bought expensive but bogus feeds from companies that are usually out to make a quick buck from gullible farmers,” the lawyer says. This pushed them into making their feeds with help from Urban Farmer, a South African company, which has a branch in Nairobi. A nutritionist from Urban Farmer is always at hand to administer the needed formulation.
The farm produces starter, lactating sow, dry sow, grower and finisher feeds. New-born piglets are fed on their mothers’ colostrum until they are 10 days old. That is the time they are introduced to the starter feeds, which contain a concentration of energy and other nutrients. The other feeds are the then introduced as the piglets become older and gain weight. They remain with their mothers until they are 35-days-old when they are weaned. At 90-days-old, the piglets are introduced to growers feeds. “We make up to 6.5 tonnes of feed daily but the animals consume just 4.5 tonnes,” Simiyu says. He adds that feeding is usually done in the morning, at noon and late in the evening, with a majority of the pigs eating just three kilos of feed daily. The piglets are, however, fed when hungry as their eating is at times erratic. Many also tend to start scouring when just a week old. Simiyu says the farm uses injectable antibiotics on the piglets when they scour. Optimal sanitation must be observed.
PROPER PIG MANAGEMENT PRACTICES
Water is always available in the pens. The animals have been trained to drink directly from spouts mounted on the walls. Dr Joseph Mugachia, the chairman of Garden Veterinary Services Ltd, says pigs should be given high quality feeds that are free of disease-causing organisms. “The meat from such pigs is safe to humans while the animals are safe to others too,” he adds. The vet says the African swine fever is among the most lethal pig diseases. It can wipe out an entire drove. No vaccines have been produced for the viral disease but biosecurity measures can be observed to curtail its spread. Daiichi Farm has also had the challenge of transporting the animals to the market; largely constituting Farmers Choice Ltd and butcheries
Soon, we leave for his mushroom farm in Kangemi, Nairobi, where he has erected a 10-by-15-foot semi-permanent house on a part of an eighth of an acre. The structure hosts some 300 plastic bags with 645-665 mushroom plants that are at various stages of growth. “Some are ready for harvest. I plant them at different times so that I harvest continuously,” says Ikonya. Inside the mud-walled structure, Ikonya grows the mushrooms in plastic bags. Some of them are neatly arranged on the floor and others on wooden shelves he has erected. “I started the business over a year ago with Sh150,000 from my savings,” says Ikonya, who holds a Diploma in Project Management from the Kenya Institute of Management Studies. “The money was enough to purchase 50 bales of wheat straw, cotton seed cake, molasses, urea and chicken manure to make the substrate on which the mushrooms grow.”
Lorries carrying the animals are at times arbitrarily ordered to pay cess. Water was a big problem at the farm but it was addressed when the couple invested in a borehole. “Our biosecurity interventions have ensured that diseases do not attack our animals. We don’t let anyone who has just been at another pig farm wander here,” Jennifer says. After birth, the piglets’ teeth are clipped to prevent them from hurting their mother while suckling and biting one another. Their tails are also docked to facilitate fast growth. When three days old, a piglet is given an iron injection, which protects it from anaemic conditions and improves their bones. “Males are castrated when they are 21 days old,” Simiyu says.
PIG FARMING IN KENYA (SUCCESSFUL FARMERS)
The success Pig Farming story of Farmers Choice Ltd
Farmers Choice Company started in the year 1980. The core business of Farmer’s Choice is to sell pork, ham and fresh sausages. At first, this company was not into pork business. They venured into this business after identifying the market gap and thny entered into the pork business in mid 1980’s. They also established slaughterhouses and butcheries in Nairobi. Likewise, the pig farming in Kenya Farmers' Choice also set up a processing plant, and started to serve processed and fresh pork to other countries. Farmers Choice has joined hands with many other companies to gain more profit. Today, Farmers Choice sells its products to Zanzibar, Uganda, Muscat, Tanzania, Ethiopia, United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, and also eventually they are planning on expanding their business into West Africa.
Onyangos pig farm success story
First of all, Onyangos pig farm started the pig farming business with an initial loan of $125 which helped to purchase resources, such as materials for construction of houses, purchase of piglets, medicines, feed, etc. According to Geoffrey, he started the business with few piglets; the reason behind choosing pig farming business was that many farmers were associated withpoultry and vegetable selling, but none with rearing pigs, so, he found that it is a great opportunity to start a pig farming business. However he also faced various challenges. The biggest challenge was the lack of proper housing system for pigs. As a result, during rainy and summery seasons, he faced many problems and he also missed a great opportunity to expand the base of pigs. However, he never lost hope, rather he planned for the next step for the growth of the business. He started his own pork butchery and a distribution network to sell directly instead of selling in the supermarkets and other meat retailers. He also showed interest towards persuading people to work with him. Although he knew that some licensing systems and health considerations may create hurdles, he did not stop his dream, rather he remained positive and kept dreaming about the future success of the business.
The admirable success story of Kenge farm (Mr. Martin Gachuma)
Mr. Martin Gachuma is one of the farmers that can be listed under pig farming in Kenya farmers’ choice. He was rated as the best pig breeder and received winner’s trophy from the international trade fair. He is a person who always wants to stick with the position of pig breeding consultant. However, he is currently not looking for a job rather he is giving jobs to other people. Beefoe venturing into pig farming, he was a financial manager at the Standard Chartered Bank, and now he is the owner of Kenge Farm. He is so happy with his position and has no issues in remaining a pig farmer for life. According to him, he started pig farming business in Kenya only with the initial investment of 30-40 percent of his capital. He also suggested that, if anybody is interested in pig business; five sows and a boar is the ideal stock to start a business. If anyone has interest in pig farming then no doubt, you are on the right path and you will get a huge profit with low investment.
Claire Omanga pig farming Kenya Success Story
Claire Omanga is a woman from Ksii city, located in southwest Kenya also in the pig farming business. She is running a strong and influential pig farming business. She is around 70 years old and managing a herd of 30 pigs and now her business has become a flourishing one. According to Omanga, pig rearing in Kenya gives a huge amount of profit in comparison to other agricultural business, because most of the people in Kenya prefer pork in any occasion and the demand for pork is huge. However, she is the only woman who motivated many to do pig farming. It is not easy for a woman to start a venture; she feels that pig farming solves the problem of poverty. She also said that, if anybody will give his/her effort towards pig farming business in Kenya, then surely he/she will benefit from it. She also observed that people are getting good returns from the pig farming business. After doing research on pig farming business, she started off with the initiative and encouraged other farmers to do the same for getting maximum profit with the investment of minimum capital.
"INAWEZEKANA - GO FOR IT. "
This article is intended for education and informational purposes only ; to see to it that the Kenyan Population is enlightened and informed.