How to Start Goat farming Agribusiness in Kenya

A lot of people want to venture into agriculture business without passing through much stress. If you are looking for an animal farming business in Kenya which can fetch you good cash without much stress, then take a look at Goat Farming Business in Kenya If you love goats and you want to enter into the goat rearing business or you are already into this business and looking for new tips on how to improve it , then you’re in the right place . Goat rearing business is by far among the intensive animal farming business in which a lot of people have embarked on and are testifying of it income return.Another amazing thing about goat farming is that anyone in any place can setup this business and soon enough, they will start making profit from it.

Aside from cow meat, goat meat is another type of meat widely loved, by many in Kenya. And the reason is because of its unique taste or aroma. Kenyans love nyama choma especially goat meat. Apart from these, goat meat is highly nutritious because it has more Lean that is; it has low cholesterol which is very good for people who have a preference for low energy diet and most times Doctors do recommend it to some patients . So allow me to conclude that many Kenyans eat goat meat every day and this should drive you to the zeal of starting up your own commercial goat farming in Kenya.

"Goat Farming in Kenya is very lucrative : it has a high marginal return."

If I invest into goat farming, how much will be my income flow be? Are you asking this question? Let’s make a possible estimation ; A healthy and well-matured goat could weigh about 35-40 Kg (So, for that Kilos, a goat should cost roughly Ksh 7,000 or even more . And let’s say you have about 100 goats in your goat farm, you would be selling for about Ksh 700,000. Let’s assume that the cost of feeding and labour is even as high as Ksh 100,000, you could still be making as much as Ksh 600,000 every year. Incredible! Right? So you see, goat farming is a good investment, though no business makes you rich overnight. There’s always a time of little beginning.

Compared to rearing other livestock, goat farming business requires little or less capital. You don’t need millions of Shillings to set up a goat farm, unless if you want to make it larger. But nevertheless, you can set up your goat farming business with not so much amount. Just bear in mind that you are setting up a commercial goat farming. When you’re in the business, as profits flows in, you can then put in more goats.

Initial Investment Capital

Compared to rearing other livestock, goat farming business requires little or less capital. You don’t need millions of Shillings to set up a goat farm, unless if you want to make it larger. But nevertheless, you can set up your goat farming business with not so much amount. Just bear in mind that you are setting up a commercial goat farming. When you’re in the business, as profits flows in, you can then put in more goats.

Byproducts from goat farming

As interesting as it might be, the amazing fact about rearing goats is that goat is a multifunctional animal. You don’t only gain from selling your goats as meats, but you can also gain more from some of its byproducts such as milk, fibers, skin, and manure. I will explain each of this a bit for better understanding.

Goat Milk;

though it may not be that popular or widely consumed in Kenya, goat milk can be produced from goat. Goat milk is said to have low cholesterol and it is non-allergic compared to cow milk. The nutrients in goat milk are said to help in improving appetite and digestive efficiency. It also has anti-fungal and antibacterial properties which can be used for the treatment urinogenital diseases of fungal origin. Other dairy products derived from goat aside milk are yoghurt, cheese, and butter.


some breed of goats like the Cashmere and Angora can produce high-quality fibers. These can also be sold for maximum profit.

Hides and skin;

every breed of goats produce hides and skin, which can serve or use in the production of leather items. But know that the breed which produces high quality hides and skin are the Black Bengal goats or Kalahari Red goats (can be mostly found in Kenya). They have thick hides and skin which is not only sold in Kenya but also internationally, and because of it extravagantly quality, their skin has a high demand. If you intend to deal with in goat hides and skin, make a market research about it and know who your buyers are.


Most farmers love and prefer to use organic manure than using artificial fertilizers to grow their crops. Goat’s faeces are high organic manure (fertilizers) that are used for the rapid growth of farm crops. You as a goat seller can make a good income from these.

Land location for goat farming

When you want to get a land for your goat farming, select a location that is good for pasture or grazing (just as you would do in cattle farming).Make sure the land is not far from town or market for easy access. If possible, let there be a market near the farm land, so you can have easy access to get any types of equipment you might need.

Housing for goat farming

when building a pen for your goat, build one that will shed them from rain and the sun. You can put electricity if need may be. The shed should be well fenced to prevent thief and burglaries. Also, the pen should be clean, should be free from dampness and well it should be well ventilated. The goat pens should also be free from pest and rodents. You should always use fresh hay or straw for bedding. Initiate activities like introducing toys or so your goats can move around. This also helps in making them healthy and active.

Buying the Right goat breed

After you have set up the housing (goat pens) for keeping your goat, the next step is to purchase your breed. You should purchase high-quality breed.There are many dairy goat breeds in Kenya today. These are the goats reared for milk. You will find farmers with dairy goats in Kenya for sale. You can also check out your local classifieds or online for dairy goats in Kenya for sale. While choosing the Dairy Goat Breeds in Kenya ensure that the breed have high production and quality milk. Here are the popular Dairy Goat Breeds in Kenya.

There are many meat goat breeds in Kenya. If you are considering goat rearing for meat, then this is what you should consider. Look for meat goat breeds in Kenya that are highly productive and produce good quality meat. Here are the popular Meat Goat Breeds in Kenya.
Black Bengal
If you are purchasing a baby goat, make sure that they are properly vaccinated.

Goats Feed

You can feed your goat any types of crops, corns, and leaves since goats are ruminant’s animals (though like human, they have their different taste, i.e, certain goat may not eat something other goats eat). However, it is advisable that you should have a grazing place so that the cost of feed can be lowered. There are also specially formulated feeds you can buy in the market; these feeds can make your goat grow faster and big. The little disadvantage of it is that, these feeds can be costly compares to pastures. Sometimes, most farmers do produce their own feed; you can make yours if you can just make sure the feed has about 11%-18% of protein.


A lot of you might frown on this; you might be asking if rearing goat is easy, why then do I need the service of a veterinary? Here is the point, When you are starting up your goat farming business that you should bear in mind that you are setting up a commercial goat farming business. The reason is you will be rearing lots of goats in larger quantity for business. You don’t want to use your goats for experimenting like those who are rearing two or few goats. With the help of a veterinary, you will know the right nutrient, mineral or medicine that will be administered to your livestock that will maximum your profit and also you can learn new tips from them. If you want to do it yourself be cautioned that you might lose quite a number of goats in the process.

Goats Maturation

This is the process of goats becoming mature. In goat, puberty age is between six and 12 months (though it can most times vary in breeds. Some breeds maybe more other mat be less. Sometimes, nutrients can also contribute to this. You should note that female goats (doe) go into estrus every 21 days for three to 50 hours. At this stage, some enough natural mating can begin. But since the advance of technology, some modern farmers practices artificial insemination. It is said that it allocates straight forward entrance to a wide variety of bloodlines.

Marketing your goats

before you fully start your own goat farming, you should make a market research to know how much others are selling in the market so you’ll have a better understanding of goat business in your area and so that you won’t sell your goat below the market price.

Common Goat Disease

Tapeworm; you will notice symptoms like; Diarrhea, constipation, some part of tapeworm may be seen in the faeces.

Tuberculosis; you will notice difficulty in respiration, coughing, Irregular low-grade fever of long period, loss of body weight and anemia.

Salmonella infection; noticeable symptoms are like loss of weight and low milk production. This disease is mostly caused by using or giving the dirty or contaminated drinking water.

Rinderpest; the symptoms are Ulcerative lesions will appear inside the lower lip and on the gums. There will also be a mild thermal reaction and diarrhea.

Nitrate/nitrite Poisoning; noticeable symptoms include; urine tested positive for nitrate/nitrite, respiratory difficulty staggering gait, the goat blood becomes chocolate brown in color. Most times death might occur. This diseases listed above are just a few to mention, there are still many of them. These are the more reason why appointing a veterinary is highly recommend. If your goat farming business is well managed by a good veterinary, your goats will grow healthy and you will gain more than lose. On November this year we have the biggest farm tour that will focus on goat farming. Don’t miss make a date with us and you will learn more.

Goat care.

Ticks control:; To control ticks, wash your goats every two weeks with water containing acaricide using a piece of cloth or a hand sprayer. Wear hand gloves for protection against the acaricide. Use at least 1.5 litres of the mixed acaricide for each adult goat Walk the goats through a foot bat of 5% COPPER SULPHATE regularly. This will help stop foot rot and foot abscess. Trim injured or overgrown hooves

Deworming:​;We deworm our goats after every two to three months. Use dewormers like NILVERM from Cooper K-brands.

Vaccination ;Do timely vaccination of your meat goats for a healthy flock. This helps to keep your goats free from highly contagious diseases like PPR, goat pneumonia, tetanus etc. Vaccinate meat goats for PPR at 2 weeks and Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia (CCPP) at 1 month. CCPP is also a very dangerous disease which can kill the entire flock in a short time Give sheep & goat pox and tetanus anytime after 1 month of age. For preventing scabby mouth disease, vaccinate the goats at their two months of age.


Farmers who rear five dairy goats stand to benefit 45 per cent more than those farmers rearing one dairy cow. This is because goats do not need much feeds and space to keep yet their milk always retails at high price as compared to that of a cow. According to Hellen Kamba, a farm manager at Shambah Dairies farm based in Kangema, Murang’a County and which offers trainings to smallholder dairy goat farmers, dairy goats need less land or space and feeds as compared to the same number of dairy cows. “Farmers need to be aware that a half an acre of Napier grass can support five dairy goats while the same measure of Napier grass only supports one dairy cow. With this knowledge out there farmers can make the right decision on which venture to pursue,” said Kamba. She says that one dairy cow can give 20 litres of milk a day and a litre of dairy cow milk sells at Sh37 while five dairy goats can give 13 litres of milk daily fetching Sh103 per liter.

“This means that in a single day five dairy goats farmer will earn about Sh1,339 from the 13 litres much higher as compared to Sh740 from the 20 litre of milk of one dairy cow farmer and yet the production costs of the dairy goats farmer will still be much less than the dairy cow farmer,” said Kamba. Early studies have found that nutrients like iron, calcium, magnesium and phosphorous were more easily digested and used by the body in goat milk than cow milk.

Shambah Dairies takes farmers through feeding, housing and protection of the goats against diseases. Hellen advises farmers that dairy goats should be given a balanced diet like proteins rich feeds such as desmodium, lucerne, calliandra, green leaves and nutritious salt lick, which is constantly in their cages. “To achieve maximum production from your goats, 50 per cent of your efforts should go to feeding, 25 per cent to their general care and 25 per cent to proper breeding,” said Hellen, adding that they feed their animals on hay and premix daily. Kiringai Kamau is a dairy goat farmer and a beneficiary of Shambah Dairies. After his coffee farm failed, he decided to buy the goats at Sh12, 000 each from Nyeri. Today he is one of the suppliers of goat milk to Kibidav Dairiesin Murang’a. Shambah Dairies farm has three breeds of goats namely Alpine (German, British and French), Toggenbergs and Saanens.

Kamba says, poor management of dairy goats is one of the main problems facing the dairy goat sub-sector in Kenya. Although farmers spend a lot of money buying dairy goats, it is a pity when one visits their homesteads and sees the condition of the goats, including the goat sheds “Selective breeding is important, but farmers should know that breeding alone cannot give a good quality dairy goat.” To help farmers have practical learning sessions, the farm has its own goats and facilities through which they offer the trainings. “We keep over 80 dairy goats in total,” says Hellen. “Currently the adults are 40 and the rest are kids. Of the mature goats, we milk 30.”



This article is intended for education and informational purposes only ; to see to it that the Kenyan Population is enlightened and informed.

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  • Pick the yellow peach that looks like a sunset with its red, orange, and pink coat skin, peel it off with your teeth. Sink them into unripened.

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