This Is How to Start Fish Farming in Kenya- Step By Step Guide
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Kenya is known to be endowed with numerous resources with the potential for successful aquaculture. Therefore, commercial fish farming is not a new investment idea in the country. The country is home to distinct geographic and climatic regions and resources such as large rivers, the Indian Ocean coastline, swamps, and Lake Victoria, the largest freshwater lake in the continent. Such resources contribute to the abundance of an array of aquatic species in Kenya, which favors both large and small scale fish farming in Kenya. Currently, fish farming in Kenya has turned out to be a key economic activity and a source of income for several Kenyan households. Consequently, you can come across numerous fish farms established for commercial purposes as you transverse the country. While some farmers practice this productive economic activity for its profits, others are doing it for family consumption. However, whether its fish farming for subsistence or commercial purposes, these fish farms have made a significant contribution to the nutritional demands and economy of the country.

If you’re considering joining the league of fish farmers in Kenya, it is crucial that you keep several important factors in mind. Here is a step by step guide to follow when delving into this lucrative economic activity.

"Fish Farming in Kenya is very lucrative : it has a very high marginal return."

Selecting the ideal land - For commercial fish production, it will be suitable if you choose earthen ponds since they are the most suitable. Ensure that the ground you choose is relatively flat and free from pollution. Additionally, the land should have a reliable water source since the quality and quantity of the water you use impacts production.


Construction and design of the fish pond - Ensure that the pond design you choose supports the species you intend to produce. The pond should favor the growth of your fish. An ideal pond design also ensures maximum production and good health of your fish.


Selecting the appropriate fish species - Your choice of a particular species is dependent on the farm location, climate, and market. For instance, tilapia is known to have a massive demand across the country. You can also go for a species that is easy to maintain with your current location climate.


It is advisable that you provide quality food to ensure faster growth and maximum production. For commercial farming, you can go for manufactured supplementary feeds. The Kenyan market has several fish feed varieties that are specific for the different types of fish species. While caring for your fish, ensure that you handle all your tasks precisely and timely. It is also advisable that you change the water and examine the water and soul quality regularly. Additionally, be keen on how you protect your fish from predators and use the proper medicines to keep your fish healthy.


Fish farming in Kenya revenues and profitability

Fish farming is a lucrative business idea in Kenya. For instance, a farmer in Kirinyaga began the business with about Ksh. 20,000 and started making profits after just six months. His first big money from his fish farm was Ksh. 150,000. Currently, the farmer earns between Ksh. 60,000 and Ksh. 100,000 every month from the sale of fish and fingerlings. This is just but an example to confirm how lucrative fish farming in Kenya can be.Fish has a ready and suitable market in the country since most Kenyans love the delicacy. Additionally, fish also has a high demand in the international market. It is advisable that you send your fish straight to the market as soon as possible due to their perishability. You can also categorize your harvest according to sizes so that you can maximize profits.


Step by Step Fish Farming Procedure.

Selecting Land Area

Selecting a suitable land for fish farming is very important. For commercial production, earthen ponds are very suitable and it is mostly used culture units in Kenya. While selecting lands keep in mind some necessary facilities which are must for fish culture. The necessary facilities for fish farming in Kenya includes a good source of fresh water supply, type of the soil, availability of labors, good transportation etc. Consider the followings while selecting lands for fish farming in Kenya.
Try to select a which is relatively level. Generally, a slope about 1% is ideal. Steeply sloped lands are not suitable for building ponds.
Select the land by keeping in mind your future plans. Try to select a land which is large enough for all your fish farming activities.
Avoid the flooding and polluted areas.
Never select the land very close to crop fields. Because, various types of fertilizers and pesticides are used for crop production. This types of fertilizers and pesticides can causes danger in your fish pond.
It will be better, if the selected land become slightly lower than the water source. This will help you to fill the pond by gravity rather than by pumping. Gravity supplying of water will reduce energy inputs and fish production cost highly.
Ensure availability of a great water source like streams, lakes, rivers, springs etc. near the land. For better fish production, the quality and quantity of water plays a vital role.
Determining the quality of soil also very important. Soil with good quality ensures maximum production. So, the soil of the selected land area must have to good enough for fish culture. Rocky, sandy or gravelly soil is not suitable for constructing a pond. Soil with at least 20% of clay is suitable for holding water and constructing pond. However, after constructing pond apply necessary fertilizers for making the soil suitable enough for fish farming in Kenya.
Suitable transportation systems is must for marketing the fish and buying necessary materials from the market (food, medicines etc.). v A market near the farming land. Transporting the fish so far for marketing will reduce the price and quality of fish and increase the cost. So, select a land from where you can easily market your products.


Fish Pond Design & Construction - Kenya

Along with good site and well constructed pond and other good facilities, selecting proper fish species is most important. Selecting fish species for fish farming in Kenya depends on the market, climate, weather and farm location. Tilapia fish has a huge demands among all the fish species available in Kenya. And almost all people of Kenya prefer tilapia fish. You can also start culturing some other fish species that has great demands in the market like african catfish, trout, olanda, common carp, various types of carp fish, gold fish, koi fish etc. Keep in mind the followings while selecting perfect species for fish farming in Kenya.
Select those species that has a great demands in the local market.
Select the species that grow faster and more profitable for commercial production.
The species that can easily maintain and grows well in your local weather and climate.
Consider availability of necessary foods for the species.
The species that grows well and take less time to reach marketing weight.


Feeding The Fish

Providing good quality and nutritious food ensures fast growth and maximum production. For commercial fish farming in Kenya, manufactured supplementary fish feeds are must. You can buy the ready-made supplementary fish feeds that are available in the market. In the market you will find various types of fish feed prepared for each type of fish species. For example, if you want to culture tilapia fish then buy feeds from the market which are prepared for tilapia. You can also buy all ingredients separately from the market and mix it at farm. This is a good idea to buy each ingredients separately from the market. Because, sometimes the ready-made feed doesn’t have all necessary nutrient elements, vitamins, minerals, salt etc. This may directly impact the fish production. So, it is a good idea to buy all the elements separately form the market and mix at farm. See fish feed, supplimentary fish feed.


Selecting Fish Species

Along with good site and well constructed pond and other good facilities, selecting proper fish species is most important. Selecting fish species for fish farming in Kenya depends on the market, climate, weather and farm location. Tilapia fish has a huge demands among all the fish species available in Kenya. And almost all people of Kenya prefer tilapia fish. You can also start culturing some other fish species that has great demands in the market like african catfish, trout, olanda, common carp, various types of carp fish, gold fish, koi fish etc. Keep in mind the followings while selecting perfect species for fish farming in Kenya.


Other Fish Pond Care & Management

Do all tasks timely and accurately. If necessary, change the water of the pond. Examine the quality of water and soil on regular basis. Use proper medicines for each species of fish to keep them healthy and diseases free. Prevent the entrance of predators like snakes, frogs etc. Use net while filling the pond with water.


Collecting Fish

Different species of fish reach marketing weight in different ages. For better price and profit collect the fish in proper time. When the fish reach the marketing weights, you can collect fish form pond by using a net or discharging the total water from the pond.


Marketing

Marketing is the easiest step of fish farming business. There are numerous markets available where you can sell your products. And all types of fish have a huge demand in the market. After harvesting, you can easily sell the fish at any of your nearest local market. Even there are many companies available who export fish to the foreign countries. So don’t worry about marketing the products, just focus on the other steps. In a word, commercial fish farming business is really very profitable and a good source of earning livings. If you intend to join this venture, then visit some fish farms in your area and try to have some practical knowledge. God bless you!


Demand for fish production in Kenya

The demand for and production of fish in Kenya is quite high. In general, too little fish is available to serve the local market. A surprise, since Kenya borders Lake Victoria which has been a source of fish for the region for centuries and Kenya also has a coastal region. However, Lake Victoria’s fish output is declining sharply due to pollution, overfishing, and lack of regulation. The declining output is traditionally replaced by imported fish. However, Kenya and East Africa as a whole have excellent capabilities and conditions to produce local fish, for the local market when they have the right technology, inputs and knowledge available. ‘’Now the whole idea was scaling fish production in Africa, because we are doing ponds all over the country, but then you have a look at the statistics. We still have a deficit. That has resulted to having us importing fish. So, what you’re seeing here today is, it is just a look at the future.’’ John Eric Farm Manager


How to start a profitable fish farming in Kenya


"INAWEZEKANA - GO FOR IT. "

DISCLAIMER

This article is intended for education and informational purposes only ; to see to it that the Kenyan Population is enlightened and informed.

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  • Pick the yellow peach that looks like a sunset with its red, orange, and pink coat skin, peel it off with your teeth. Sink them into unripened.

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