THE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD
More than 100 million people voted to proclaim the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007. The following list of seven winners is presented without ranking and is intended to represent the world heritage.
01.Great Wall of China (China)
Great Wall of China, Chinese (Pinyin) Wanli Changcheng or (Romanization of Wade-Giles) Wan-li Ch'ang-ch'eng(' 10,000-Li Long Wall'), a large bulwark built in ancient China, one of the largest construction projects ever undertaken. Indeed, the Great Wall consists of numerous walls— many of them parallel to each other — built over two millennia across northern China and southern Mongolia. The most extensive and best-preserved version of the wall dates from the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) and runs approximately 5,500 miles east to west from Mount Hu near Dandong, southeastern Liaoning Province, to Jiayu Pass west of Jiuquan, northwestern Gansu Province.
This wall often traces the crestlines of hills and mountains as it snakes across Chinese countryside, and about a quarter of its length consists solely of natural barriers such as rivers and mountain ridges. Nearly all the rest (about 70 per cent of the total length) are actually built walls, with the small remaining stretches forming ditches or fossils. Although long sections of the wall are in ruins now, or have completely disappeared, it is still one of the most remarkable structures on Earth. In 1987 the Great Wall was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
02. Christ the Redeemer Statue (Rio de Janeiro)
The Christ the Redeemer statue, towering 2,310 feet above the city of Rio, has fascinated experts and historians for almost a hundred years. It is the fourth largest statue of Jesus Christ in the world, the largest Art Deco-style sculpture on the planet. Perched on top of Mount Corcovado in Rio, the statue stands at a whopping 98 feet (or 30 meters) tall (making it two-thirds the height of the Statue of Liberty in New York), and its outstretched arms reach horizontally 92 feet (or 28 metres).Not only is the statue Rio's most recognizable landmark, it's also becoming Brazil's cultural icon. But most importantly, the statue has developed into a global symbol of Christianity.It attracts millions of believers and non-believers to the top of Mount Corcovado every year.
03. Machu Picchu (Peru)
Tucked away in the rocky countryside northwest of Cuzco, Peru, it is believed that Machu Picchu was a royal estate or sacred religious site for Inca leaders, whose civilization was virtually wiped out in the 16th century by Spanish invaders. For hundreds of years, until the American archaeologist Hiram Bingham stumbled upon it in 1911, the existence of the abandoned citadel was a secret known only to the local peasants. The site extends over an impressive distance of 5 miles, featuring more than 3,000 steps of stone connecting its many different levels.
Historians believe that Machu Picchu was built at the height of the Inca Empire, which during the 15th and 16th centuries dominated western South America. It was abandoned an estimated 100 years after its construction, probably around the time the Spaniards began their conquest in the 1530s of the mighty pre-Columbian civilization. However, there is no evidence that the conquistadors have ever attacked or even reached the mountaintop citadel; for this reason, some have suggested that the desertion of the residents was due to an epidemic of smallpox.
Today, every year hundreds of thousands of people trample through Machu Picchu, braving crowds and landslides to see the sun set above its towering stone monuments and marvel at the mysterious splendor of one of the most famous manmade wonders in the world.
04. Chichen Itza (Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico)
Chichen Itza, meaning "at the mouth of the Itza well," is now Mexico's second most visited archeological site. The Kukulkan Pyramid in Chichen-Itza, known as "El Castillo" (the castle), is one of the world's new seven wonders chosen as of 7 July 2007. It is exactly 24 m above sea level. High in upper platform consideration. Besides the Kukulkan pyramid, there are many other archeological sites to visit in Chichen Itza, all of which carry traces of Mayan culture in many ways.
"The most famous, spectacular, and consequently most frequently visited of Mayan sites in Mexico, the magnificent Chichén Itzá metropolis was the Yucatán's main ceremonial centre."
In the splendid ruins of Chichen Itza you can see the genius and adaptability of Mayan culture. This powerful city, a trade center for clothes, slaves, honey and salt, flourished from about 800 to 1200 and served as the Mayan civilization's political and economic hub. The most familiar ruin on the site is the sophisticated astronomical observatory, El Caracol.
05. The Roman Colosseum (Rome)
Rome's principal symbol is the Colosseum. It's an imposing construction that will bring you back in time to discover the way of life in the Roman Empire, with almost 2,000 years of history. The construction of the Colosseum began in the year 72 under the Vespasian empire, and was completed in the year 80 during Emperor Titus ' rule. The Colosseum, after completion, became the largest Roman amphitheater, measuring 188 meters in length, 156 meters in width and 57 meters in height.
The Roman Colosseum (known then as the Flavian Amphitheatre) allowed more than 50,000 people to enjoy its best spectacles during the Roman Empire and under the slogan of "Bread and Circuses." The exotic animal shows, convict shootings, war recreations and gladiator battles kept the Roman citizens busy for years.The Colosseum has been active for more than 500 years. In the 6th century the last recorded games in history were held.Since the 6th century, during World War Two, the Colosseum suffered lootings, earthquakes and even bombings. Demonstrating a great instinct for survival, the Colosseum has been used for decades as a storehouse, church, cemetery and even a noble castle.
Currently the Colosseum is Rome's greatest tourist attraction along with the Vatican City. It is visited by 6 million tourists each year.
06. Taj Mahal (Agra, India)
Between 1632 and 1648 a mausoleum commissioned for the wife of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan was built the Taj Mahal. The white marble building, deemed the most beautiful example of Muslim art in India, actually represents a variety of architectural styles, including Persian, Islamic, Turkish and Indian. Also, the Taj Mahal includes formal gardens with elevated pathways, sunken flower beds and a linear reflecting pool.
The Taj Mahal is known to be the largest architectural feat of Indo-Islamic architecture in its entire range. Its recognized architectural beauty has a rhythmic combination of solids and voids, concave and convex, and light shadow; like arches and dome, the aesthetic aspect is further enhanced. The combination of lush green scape reddish path and blue sky above it shows the monument cases in ever-changing tints and moods. The marble relief work and the inlay of precious and semi-precious stones render it a different memorial.
07. Petra (Jordan)
Declared a World Heritage Site in 1985, Petra was the capital of King Aretas IV's Nabataean empire, and probably existed from 9 B.C in its prime. To D.A. 40. 40. Modern specialists in engineering water science, designing complex tubes and water tanks, the leaders of this society appeared to be helping to create a pseudo-oasis. A variety of impressive stone-carved temples, a 4,000-seat amphitheatre, and the El-Deir monastery have helped the site achieve its prominence.
This Nabataean caravan-city, populated since prehistoric times, located between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea, was a significant crossroads between Arabia, Egypt and Syria-Phoenicia. Petra is half-built, half-carved into the rock, surrounded by mountains lined with gorges and passages. It is one of the most famous archeological sites in the world, where ancient Eastern traditions intermingle with Hellenistic architecture.